Research Organizations

Science and research in Germany are characterised by a distinguished infrastructure, a wide variety of disciplines, well-equipped research facilities and competent staff. Germany offers various forms of research locations: universities, universities of applied sciences, non-university institutes, companies and Federal as well as Länder Institutions. All in all, there are approximately 750 public-funded research institutions in Germany, plus research and development centres run by industrial corporations. In selected fields or regions, these industrial and academic institutions pool their research and development activities in networks and clusters. Germany's extremely diverse science and research system has a particularly important role to play. Besides the country's research universities, four so called non-university research organizations also play a key role:  

Besides these major players, Germany offers various other forms of research locations: 


Germany is home to almost 400 universities providing a variety of disciplines. Academic formation is characterised by a close link between education and research. The Federal Government and the Länder have set up the Initiative for Excellence that is intended to support research activities in various disciplines at German universities. More information about universities and their research activities can be found here: 

 Research in Germany: Universities  

Academies of Science 

The key mission of the German academies of science is the coordination and support of long-term basic research projects and the development and cultivation of interdisciplinary dialogues. In addition, the academies give advice to society related to general and specific issues of science, including emerging issues. More information about the German academies of science, the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina and the Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities can be found here:

 Research in Germany: Academies of Science 

Federal Research Institutes

The Federal Government funds 38 research institutes that the Federal Ministries are in charge of. This departmental research is always directly related to the activity fields of a ministry. Its main task is to support the respective Federal Ministry’s activities and to provide the necessary scientific basis for the execution of sovereign tasks.

More information about the federal research institute can be found here: 

 Research in Germany: Federal Research Institutions

Länder Research Institutes

The Federal States of Germany (“Länder”) act as research funding bodies, but they also run several research institutions which contribute to supporting the research activities of the Länder. There are more than 100 institutes covering a broad range of research areas.

More information about the Länder research institutes can be found here: 

 Research in Germany: Länder Institutions 

Companies / Industrial Research

German companies are among the most innovative in Europe. Industry based and financed investments account for almost two thirds of all R&D funding in Germany. Companies co-operate especially closely in the field of applied research, working together with globally operating Fraunhofer Institutes and the German Federation of Industrial Research Associations "Otto von Guericke" (AiF). More information about industrial research can be found here: 

 Research in Germany: Companies / Industrial Research

German Federation of Industrial Research Associations - AiF

The “German Federation of Industrial Research Associations” (AiF) was founded in 1954. As a registered non-profit association, the AiF promotes research and development (R&D) in all industry sectors in favour of small and medium-sized enterprises. The association acts at Federal as well as European level. More information about the AiF can be found here: 

 Innovation: German Federation of Industrial Research Associations (AiF)
 Research in Germany: German Federation of Industrial Research Associations (AiF)

Networks and Clusters

Over the last few years, the Federal Government has initiated a series of projects aiming at the creation of networks and clusters that promote new technologies. They pool both industry and academic institutions in their research and development activities. One key aim of these aggregations is to accelerate the process of making new technology products marketable. More information about different initiatives to promote networks and clusters can be found here:

 Research in Germany: Networks and Clusters

Research Infrastructures

Germany is home to several research infrastructures with global significance in physics, earth science, climate research or the humanities. Examples of research infrastructures such as DESY - Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron and the German Climate Computing Centre (DKRZ) can be found here: