Innovation

Comparing Brazilian data with those from other BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) member countries, several interesting conclusions can be drawn. The first is R&D's (Research and Development) low intensity in Brazil: 1.02% in 2006, compared with the OECD average of 2.26%. China, which competes for attraction of FDI (Foreign Direct Invests) with Brazil, expanded its R&D intensity from 0.95% in 2001, to 1.42% in 2006. In newer studies, like the 2007 study conducted by Glauco Arbix, these data is seen differently: 1,200 Brazilian companies were compared with Argentine and Mexican companies, showing that Brazilian companies have become more competitive in the international export market for mid- and high-technology goods.[1]

Brazil's goal established in the Plano de Ação 2007-2010 for science, technology and innovation is to reach R&D intensity of 2% of GDP in 2010.[2] 

The government's role for the country to achieve positive results is quite significant. In Brazil some state-owned and hybrid companies capably managed innovation in a systemic and sustainable manner. The three major companies that stand out in this field are Petrobras (Brazilian Petroleum Corporation), EMBRAPA (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) and FIOCRUZ (Oswaldo Cruz Foundation). New laws were established to promote Innovation in industry, such as the federal Innovation Law (Lei da Inovação) in 2004. Based on the federal Innovation Law several state Innovation Laws were created. Actually (March 2010) the following states implanted, or are in the process of implementation, their own state Innovation Laws: Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Sergipe, Ceará, Paraná and Bahia.

Between 1990 and 2006, Petrobras (the second largest Brazilian patent holder) filed for 733 national and international patents - securing 216 of these patents to date. The company is among the leading R&D investors in the world; while many of the company`s R&D efforts are carried out in its research center ( Leopoldo Américo Miguez de Mello Research and Development Center, CENPES), it maintains many partnerships with universities and outside research institutes.[3]  


[1] Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars:  Innovation in Brazil
[2] Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT):  Action Plan 2007-2010
[3] Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars:  Innovation in Brazil